Goldman, Van Nuys and colleagues propose a three-part pricing (TPP) model that ties prices to value but removes the need to monitor efficacy in each patient. The model creates a tiered system, with prices varying over fixed time intervals.
The combined effect of policies and consolidation trends was a substantial reduction in the competitiveness of provider markets in California, which reduced health plans’ ability to leverage competitive provider markets and negotiate lower prices and other benefits for their members.
Overall, Norway and Sweden rank first in adaptation to aging, followed by the U.S., The Netherlands, and Japan. Central and eastern European countries rank at the bottom, with untapped potential for successful aging.