Healthcare stereotype threat (HCST) is defined as “being reduced to group stereotypes within an individual’s healthcare encounter,” leading to experiences of stigma and discrimination. This current study explores how older gay men living with HIV attribute their healthcare experiences to their social identities. Using HCST as a guiding framework, a content and structural coding analysis was conducted on transcripts from 11 interviews of older gay men living with HIV. The majority of HCST experiences were connected to the social identities of sexual orientation, HIV status, and age. Many of the healthcare experiences that participants discussed were related to interactions with healthcare providers and the attitudes of healthcare providers. This study illustrates how participants attributed social identities to healthcare experiences that showed qualities of HCST. These outcomes highlight how marginalized social identities impacted the lifetime healthcare experiences of this group of older gay men living with HIV.
The full study can be viewed at Journal of Applied Gerontology.
Singleton, Green, D. C., & Enguidanos, S. M. (2023). Identifying Healthcare Stereotype Threat in Older Gay Men Living with HIV. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 7334648231167944–7334648231167944.
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