Throughout the developing world, the private healthcare sector contributes significantly to the delivery of healthcare. Thus, governments in developing and emerging economies need to include the private sector in their efforts to make healthcare better. Yet debate is rife about what role the private sector should play, and evidence was lacking on how best to enhance private-sector performance. Research from the Schaeffer Center helped fill that gap. Drawn from data collected in sub-Saharan Africa, the findings may also reflect circumstances in developing countries around the world.